The Crusader developed by Nuffield Mechanization & Aero as a ‘Heavy Cruiser’ was the last of the pre-war designs to go into production.
In common with most British tanks, the Crusader had a number of faults, the worst of which was undoubtedly engine cooling – so critical in the desert.
It had an auxiliary MG turret fitted next to the drivers vision hood which mounted a BESA machine gun but later this was removed as it was found to be a danger to the crewman due to lack of ventilation and vision.
Originally equipped with a 2 pdr gun, it was modified to accept a 6pdr in 1942 at the expense of 2 crew members, however its chronic unreliability, particularly when compared with American tanks gave it a very poor reputation.
Almost all of the vehicles were deployed to North Africa, including 6th Armoured Division which landed in Tunisia.
|Armament:||1 x 2 pounder|
1 or 2 x BESA Machine-guns
|Engine:||Nuffield Liberty developing 340 bhp|
|Year into service:||1941|